On Wednesday 24 May 2017, Egypt banned at least 21 websites, including the main website of Qatar-based Al Jazeera television, The Huffington Post and prominent local independent news site Mada Masr.
Mada Masr, as well as 20 other websites, were blocked by the Egyptian authorities for “supporting terrorism and extremism and spreading lies,” according to the state-run news agency Mena. Two Egyptian security sources have also indicated to Reuters that the outlets were blocked for either having ties with the Muslim Brotherhood, or for being funded by Qatar.
Mada Masr, an independent media founded in 2013, is one of the few independent voices left in Egypt, producing critical and engaged journalism. After the block, Mada Masr continues to publish content via its social media channels.
The act of blocking these 21 websites violates international standards in this area. Egypt has signed and ratified the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), and must follow the guidance of the Human Rights Committee, the only official body charged with interpreting the treaty. Its General Comment 34 emphasises that restrictions on speech online must be strictly necessary and proportionate to achieve a legitimate purpose. We firmly believe that none of these conditions have been fulfilled, particularly given the block’s extrajudicial character.
As members of civil society working for the free flow of information and digital access and freedom, we strongly condemn blocking access to these 21 websites by the country’s authorities. Such action is an act of censorship and infringement on the freedom of expression and information. Independent media must not pay the price of current political disputes between countries in the region—such as that between Egypt and Qatar.
The signatories of this statement are committed to the fundamental principles of freedom of expression and access to knowledge and information. We, the undersigned, call on the Egyptian authorities to uphold the freedom of the press and reinstate access to all 21 blocked news websites.
SKeyes Center for Media and Cultural Freedom
CFI – Agence française de coopération médias
Collaboration for ICT Policy in East and Southern Africa
Committee to Protect Journalists
Cooperativa Sulá Batsú RL
The Egyptian Center for Public Policy Studies
Electronic Frontier Foundation
Free Press Unlimited
Global Forum for Media Development
Index on Censorship
Internet Sans Frontières
League of African Cyber-Activists and Bloggers
Social Media Exchange
The Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy