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Iran shuts down internet after protests spiral over 22-year-old’s death

alt informationAccess to popular platforms such as Instagram and WhatsApp has been stopped following the death of Mahsa Amini after her arrest by the country's morality police

Saudi Arabia is equating free online expression with terrorism

alt informationAs we mark 20 months since the arrest of Salma al-Shehab, Index calls for the country’s Specialized Criminal Court to be overhauled

Index condemns 34-year sentence for Salma al-Shehab

alt informationSaudi women’s rights advocate faces longest ever prison term for a peaceful activist after tweeting support for prisoners of conscience

Iranian society has been taken hostage, says exiled documentary film-maker

alt informationVahid Zarezade and Gelareh Kakavand have been forced to flee the country after being interrogated and beaten for their work highlighting conditions in Iran's prisons

Belarus: Andrei Aliaksandrau writes of his “travels”

alt informationOur former colleague writes from prison as his trial is suspended for two months

Iran enters the multiverse of madness

alt informationThe Iranian government is holding propaganda events while attempting to silence protests against corruption following a building collapse in Abadan

Chad: Return to democracy still seems a distant prospect

alt informationA reconciliation dialogue promised after the death last April of the central African country's president is in turmoil

Belarus: the free press continues despite attacks

alt informationThe chair of the Belarusian Association of Journalists says reporting is harder than ever because of government crackdowns and war in neighbouring Ukraine

Syria passes draconian cybercrime laws

alt informationCountry is latest to criminalise vaguely defined fake news to target human rights activists and journalists

Attacks on journalists covering protests increase says new report

alt informationThe latest annual report from the Council of Europe safety of journalists platform makes for worrying reading on media freedom

Elon Musk’s acquisition of Twitter – good for free speech?

alt informationThe tech entrepreneur has made it clear that free speech is at the forefront of his decision to buy the social media platform. We explore just what this means

Ukrainian reporter forced to film propaganda video before release

alt informationVictoria Roshchina, who works for independent media channel hromadske, had to deny she was being held captive