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Padraig Reidy: How your well-meaning retweet can do more harm than good

By Padraig Reidy / 24 July, 2014

(Photo: Shutterstock)

(Photo: Shutterstock)

Last week, the social web, at one end of its endless, pendulum-like swings between mawkishness and self-righteous fury, discovered a letter from the head teacher at Barrowford primary school, East Lancashire. It was a sweet-natured letter, congratulating students on their exam results and then going on to note all the things exams can’t measure and examiners don’t know:

“The people who create these tests and score them do not know each of you the way your teachers do, the way I hope to, and certainly not the way your families do.

“They do not know that many of you speak two languages. They do not know that you can play a musical instrument or that you can dance or paint a picture. They do not know that your friends count on you to be there for them or that your laughter can brighten the dreariest day.”

…and so on; examiners did not that “know that you have travelled to a really neat place or that you know how to tell a great story ” etc etc etc.

All very sweet sentiments, and new and traditional outlets went crazy for it. The letter went viral, and then the mainstream media, including BBC Radio 4’s The Today Programme, covered the fact the letter had gone viral.

There were a few problems with the well-meaning letter, though. As Toby Young pointed out in the Telegraph, it was incorrect to say the people who “scored” the children’s Key Stage 2 achievements “do not know each of you the way your teachers do”; part of the assessment is done by teachers at the schools.

Meanwhile, children in East Lancashire do not, generally, go to “really neat” places. American kids go to “really neat” places. Barrowford kids might, say, get taken to Turf Moor to see a Burnley match, or more likely at this time of year, Blackpool Pleasure Beach, and it would be proper good.

The reason for these disparities was simple: large sections of the letter had been lifted from elsewhere; apparently, it’s been circulating in various forms since originally being written by a Mary Ginley of Massachusetts in 1999.

When various people (including me) pointed this out on Twitter, they were seen as being somewhere between the Grinch and ISIS in terms of spoilsport misanthropy. “So what if it wasn’t original?” we were told. The sentiment was correct, and that’s what was important.

It may seem unduly curmudgeonly to complain about a rural school’s end of term letter, but the point of interest here is how quickly it spread, and how blase people have been about the basics of who actually wrote it.

Consider another example: after Algeria went out of the World Cup, it was widely rumoured on Facebook, Twitter and other networks that the team had donated its fee for the tournament to “Gaza”; not the ICRC or MSF, or even Hamas, just vague “Gaza”.

It felt good, and it felt nice, and it was plainly not true. But no one really cared whether it was true or not because (a) Algeria had been quite an enjoyable team to watch, b) people wanted to think someone was doing something about Gaza, and c) well, the Algerian team were Muslims, so they’re probably concerned about Palestine (I never said this was a well-thought out view).

This pattern was repeated when German Muslim player Mesut Ozil was similarly reported to have donated his fee to “Gaza” after his team’s eventual World Cup triumph. The news spread like wildfire, because people wanted it to be true. It wasn’t. Ozil had already pledged his cash to projects in Brazil.

The Gaza conflict has provided more of these moments: a picture of thousands of Orthodox Jewish men protesting in New York is widely touted as a pro-Palestine protest; it is not. It is taken from a protest against Israeli conscription laws in March; a meme circulates quoting actor Robert De Niro comparing Israel to a mad dog; there is no evidence that he has ever said this.

But these things, like the school letter, circulate because they feel right and they make us feel good.

As the old line says “a lie will go round the world while truth is pulling its boots on”. The speed with which we can now move information around surely compels us to be even more mindful of this fact. And yet, what’s the answer? Social media thrives on the instantaneous; slowing it down could be severely damaging to the positive aspects of it. Draconian Chinese laws on “spreading rumours” are reported to have severely affected the number of interactions on social media. In democracies, it would likely be impossible to prevent feelgood-but-false memes, as well as straighforward propaganda, to spread without a massive crackdown on free expression.

For a long time, the web has demanded that we “become our own editors”, ensuring that we take in a broad amount of information rather than merely reading the sites we like on the topics we like, avoiding challenging or new ideas.

But the editorial process must always involve a high level of scepticism; some of the greatest journalistic failures of the past 40 years, such as the Hitler Diaries Hoax, or Piers Morgan’s disastrous publishing of fake pictures of Iraq war abuses in the Daily Mirror, came down to an editor’s and others involved required scepticism being overwhelmed by a story that was simply too good to be true. Disaster ensued.

The same must apply for anyone who thinks themselves vaguely “active” in the political sense on the web. Inaccurate information ultimately damages your cause. So the next time you see a meme on  NHS spending, Israel, or whatever it is you care about, think before you tweet: Is this too good to be true? Do I have any way of checking this for myself?

This article was published on July 24, 2014 at indexoncensorship.org

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About Padraig Reidy

Padraig Reidy Padraig Reidy is a columnist for Index on Censorship. He has also written for The Observer, The Guardian, and The Irish Times.

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4 Responses to Padraig Reidy: How your well-meaning retweet can do more harm than good

  1. Zoe Taylor Reply

    13 September at 13:02

    Padraig Reidy: How your well-meaning retweet can do more harm than good:’

    Why would such an obviously inaccurate and suspiciously unauthentic letter from a supposed teacher from Lancashire, get so much media attention and by such news outlets as that of the BBC?

    Why did we hear that the Algerian team and German Muslim player Mesut Ozil had donated their fee to Gaza after World Cup triumph if it was not true?

    Normal everyday people like myself have no power to make much change; Well meaning and passionate members of our government have no real power either to make the kind of change that such bogus reports or retweets suggest.

    I am more interested in why such media outlets as the BBC would use such inaccurate material.

    Lets think about Tony Blair and his political policies. That might give us an insight into why.

    He used the very same methods to subdue the population into believing we had a voice. He made us believe that we did actually live in a democracy.

    He promised so much but delivered so little in the end except relentless lies delivered via smarmy and insincere speeches.

    He led us into 2 wars on the Middle East, even though thousands marched in protest against such action: Afghanistan and Iraq. No weapons of mass destruction were ever found.

    The only weapons of mass destruction ever found in the end were the very same weapons that destroyed the above countries.

    Contradictions and lies have become both our foreign and national policies.

    It’s about tricking people into believing they have a voice; keeping us inactive and blissfully ignorant to the real truths, so that the corrupt politicians can continue with what ever serves that small but powerful minority – the 1 percent.

    Anyone who yielded such power as these news outlets would do their research before print or before broadcasting on air, surly? Unless that is, it serves a purpose.

    The purpose being to fool the ‘foolish’ into believing change can really happen but not by us – the ‘fools’ but by such people as the Algerian and German footballers and their teams.

    It carries a double purpose, the second being to falsely promote the World Cup and alike.

    In fact this method has many uses when you think about it. It also demonizes and undermines the integrity of these very people who are Arabic – Islamic – Muslims, as it came out this was untrue.

    Another example being the news released to the British public of Pedophile rings and individuals within the British government and BBC children entertainers during the 1990’s.

    Anyone with any intelligence would realize this was a strategic move by our British government to release such news as the War with Gaza began.

    Releasing such news while all eyes are on the devastating images and news of Gaza would only serve to soften and distract the very scandal of institutional child abuse being a norm in those days; and in days not so far off in the past.

    As too, the recent news about Asian men in the north of the country abusing vulnerable girls while in the care of social services.

    It serves as a distraction. There can be found, no doubt in other communities in other parts of England who are not mostly Asian and who commit the same disgusting crimes to humanity.

    It is becoming all too obvious now though; their methods. And this is the real problem.

    We have too much knowledge from real people on the ground; real People who use Twitter and Facebook. Those corrupt politicians and their news outlets cannot fool us anymore.

    As I mentioned, anyone with any clout or be in a position of power would do the research first; so whether or not such Tweets or letters are authentic really does not matter. What does matter is there should be such a platform that gives voice to the real people. After all we do live in a democracy, don’t we?

  2. Richard Armbach Reply

    2 August at 21:53

    Hang on a moment. Index on censorship and folks have to await moderation ? Too funny.

  3. Richard Armbach Reply

    2 August at 21:52

    Where you are coming from is readily made apparent by your reference to the Gaza ” conflict”.

  4. Jenny Reply

    30 July at 12:18

    Wait, the Algeria story was fake? Did they not donate their money to Gaza aid? They have been verbal supporters of Palestine before, so the sentiment that they support them in general is right.

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