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India: Digital freedom under threat? Conclusion

This paper has shown that despite its lively democracy, strong tradition of press freedom and political debates, India is in many ways struggling to find the right balance between freedom of expression online and other concerns such as security.

India: Digital freedom under threat? India’s role in global internet debates

International summits and fora over the next two years will be critical in determining the internet’s future.

India: Digital freedom under threat? Access: Obstacles and opportunities

Key concerns in assessing online freedom of expression in India are the barriers to accessing the internet itself.

India: Digital freedom under threat? Surveillance, privacy and government’s access to individuals’ online data

Recent revelations in the Hindu have raised concerns over the extraordinary extent of domestic surveillance online, without any legal and procedural framework to protect privacy.

India: Digital freedom under threat? Criminalisation of online speech

The criminalisation of online speech in India is of concern as the authorities have prosecuted legitimate political comment online and personal views expressed on social media.

India: Digital freedom under threat? Online censorship

alt informationSince 2003, the institutional structure of internet censorship and filtering has centred on the Indian Computer Emergency Response Team (ICERT), a department of the Ministry of Communication and Information Technology that serves as a nodal agency for accepting and reviewing requests from a designated pool of government officials to block access to specific websites.

Azerbaijan locks up journalists as it prepares for “election”

In the run-up to next week’s presidential elections, Index on Censorship travelled to Baku to meet journalists, human rights defenders, political activists, and citizens. Melody Patry reports

#withoutwords provides safe space for Syrian artists

A new London exhibition displays fine arts and visual installations from Syrian artists influenced by the conflict engulfing their country, Melody Patry writes

Egyptian artists declare war on sexual harassment

Since the fall of President Hosni Mubarak two years ago, artists have been active in breaking Egypt’s age-old taboos around sexual violence, especially since sexual harassment has been on the rise. Melody Patry reports.